The Meaning of the Shofar

Question

Why do we blow the shofar on Rosh Hashana?

1 month

Answers

  1. There are 10 classic reasons for the mitzvah of blowing the shofar, based on Rav Saadiah Gaon.

    1. Rosh Hashana is the day that commemorates the creation of the world and it is described as the “coronation” of God. As it is customary to sound a trumpet at a king’s coronation so we blow the shofar on Rosh Hashana. By blowing the shofar we recognize the “purpose” of the creation.

    2. The shofar blast marks the beginning of a period of amnesty which is known as The Ten Days of Repentance. Repentance is based on the fact that since humanity has been given free-will, and our actions are not pre-determined, we must take responsibility for our actions. The ability to repent teaches us that our future is not bound by our past and that by changing our behavior we have the ability to change our past.

    3. When the Jews accepted the Torah at Mount Sinai, the sound of the shofar is described as “continuously increased and was very great” (Exodus 19:19). The shofar serves to remind us of the revelation at Mt. Sinai and therefore to renew our commitment to God and to accept that Torah morality is absolute and God given – not relative, nor does it depend on human understanding.

    4. The prophets called out to the Jewish People and aroused them to improve their ways. The shofar reminds us of the admonitions of the prophets and their calls to repentance. We should be aware of the fact that God communicated with us, via the prophets, and displayed through them His desire to perfect us and not to punish us.

    5. The shofar reminds us to pray for the rebuilding of the Temple where trumpets and shofars were sounded. Just as God manifests His presence in the world in specific places like the Temple in Jerusalem, He also manifests His presence at special times, such as the Ten Days of Repentance.

    6. The ram’s horn reminds us of the Binding of Isaac when Abraham demonstrated his absolute faith in God by being prepared to sacrifice his son. God demonstrated His absolute love for Abraham by having him sacrifice a ram in his place.

    7. The sound of the shofar is supposed to inspire fear in the hearts of those who hear it. It allows one to dwell upon fear of punishment, to progress from there to fear of doing evil and then to fear of God. Finally one arrives at the feeling of awe of God.

    8. The shofar reminds us of the Day of Judgment in the future. And inspires us to pray for the perfection of world, all of mankind and the Messianic era.

    9. The sound inspires us to yearn for the ingathering of the Exiles, which will be heralded by the sound of a shofar. There will be absolute unity amongst the Jewish People and our connection to Land of Israel will again be absolute.

    10. The shofar recalls the resurrection of the dead which will be accompanied by the sound of a shofar. As God is the source of all life and the creator of all existence so He has complete control over death.

    And there are additional reasons from other sources, such as the following:
    • The shofar ushers in the Divine court session and shows our trust in God’s judgment. By showing our eagerness to be judged by God, we thus confuse the heavenly prosecutor, the Satan.
    • Shofar blasts were sounded preceding a war – to rally the troops for action and to call the people together for prayer and repentance. The shofar is therefore like an air raid siren that alerts us to danger, and summons us to action.

    Best wishes from the AskTheRabbi.org Team