Question
I have been diagnosed with a heart condition that is aggravated by wearing heavy clothes in a warm environment. My doctor gave me instructions to wear as little clothes as possible when it’s hot. She says dressing the modest way I have been doing for many years is actually detrimental to my health. She has advised me to wear only loose fitting sleeveless tops when it is hot in the summer and short sleeves in spring and fall weather. She said shorts are preferred, but knee-length elastic waist skirts or sundresses are okay too. If I don’t follow this, I could be hospitalized and my life could be on the line. What am I supposed to do if the doctor tells me not to dress modestly?

Question
I am a Jew raised conservative in the New York City area. I recently took a job in the Dallas Texas metroplex which has a population of about 8 million people and consist of approximately 50,000 Jews. Most of my neighbors work colleagues and now friends are devout Southern Baptist. As soon as they find out that I am Jewish, They tell me that until I accept Jesus as the my lord and savior who died on the cross for my sins, I am going to hell. I then give them all the typical Jewish responses for example. We Jews don’t even believe in hell. But it really bothers me that these people who say they love me are Condemning me to a place which they believe is a place of terrible suffering for eternity. What should I say to them? I really don’t want to just abandon all of them. My second question is. I am a secular Jew like about 90% of the 15 million Jews on earth. I am not Torah observant. How do I get right with God and request forgiveness if I have no intention to follow any of the Torah commandments or laws? When I die. This is the Jewish rabbinical thought that I will go to Gehenna or some sort of purgatory place for proximately 11 months and then I will go to heaven is that where I am distant when I die?

Question
I have always been confused about the concept of punishing the people as a group for the sins of some. Indeed everyone did not sin, yet "the people of Israel" must endure punishment for the transgressions of some. I have been taught each of us must bear the responsibility for our actions. I don't recall being taught that I am responsible for the actions of others, even people I do not know nor have ever met. Yet, it seems that whenever there is a terrible event, wars, exiles, the holocaust, etc., it is because we are all being punished for the transgressions of some. I need a better explanation than a cryptic quotation from the Torah or Talmud. I would like very much to have a more complete explanation.

Question
Can a single, unmarried man have a legitimately recognized child with a surrogate? Or will the child still be considered a bastard?

Question
Is there a "definitive" explanation about what does and doesn't need to be tested for Shatnez? I can't seem to get a consistent answer. Some I ask say that only certain suspect items need testing while others list a set of items that amounts to the majority of my wardrobe. What is the commonly followed halachic view of this matter? Does everything need to be tested when possible? Does a 100% cotton [etc.] tag matter? If I have multiple items from the same package, like socks or underwear, is it okay to test just one of them? Thank you and have a wonderful day and onward.