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HI am a female in my twenties and haven some question regarding standing during certain parts of prayers. 1. What is the reason for standing during some parts of the prayers? 2. Are women obligated to stand in Shul at certain parts of the prayer? 3. Is it considered transgressing when everyone stands and you sit? 4. Is the obligation to stand different at home and in shul? 5. Does it make a difference if you need to stand, if theres a mechitza in shul and you cant see the ark? Thank you for your time and for this forum!
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How should one read Psalm 82:1? How does the grammar works in this case? 1. Is it that G-d will judge the elohim from the midst of the assembly of G-d? 2. Or is it that G-d takes a stand in the assembly, and there, from the midst of the elohim, He judges 3. Or is it that He will judge with the elohim?   So: Does G-d judge against, among or with the elohim (judges).  

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For the 10 Days of Repentance, in the Amidah, we say "hashalom" instead of "shalom" in certain places. Why? What is the difference in their meanings? Thank you

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Tehilim 134 says "to lift the hands of the servents of the Lord." Why during prayer must everyone raise their hands? I mean, prayer can also done by folding hands, but at night why we should raise our hands during prayer?

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My question is about prayer. How can my prayer work if God knows what’s good for me and has plans for me anyway? If I nag and kvetch to God about what I want does it really change anything?

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In V-Shamru, the words "the children of Israel" are written 2 different ways: 1st: בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל 2nd: בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Why is the first with a Vav and the second with a Bet? Should each be pronounced accordingly? I have always used the B sound for both.