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My question is about prayer. How can my prayer work if God knows what’s good for me and has plans for me anyway? If I nag and kvetch to God about what I want does it really change anything?

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In V-Shamru, the words "the children of Israel" are written 2 different ways: 1st: בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל 2nd: בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל Why is the first with a Vav and the second with a Bet? Should each be pronounced accordingly? I have always used the B sound for both.

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After counting the omer each night, there is a short prayer HaRachaman Hu Yachazir Lanu Avodat Beit HaMikdash Limkomo Bimheira Be'yameinu. Amein Selah Amen is the usual ending of a prayer. Why is the additional word selah necessary? What is the meaning of "Amein Selah"? What do the two words together mean versus each word separately? Thanks.

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Questions about pronunciation and meaning of some Hebrew words. Thanks for your help. Hebrew word Meaning Pronunciation שַׁבָּת Sabbath Sha-Bat שָׁבַת Sabbath Sha-Vat Why V sound vs B sound? מִמְקוֹמוֹ from its place Mim-komo Never heard as Mi'me-komo לִמְקוֹמָה to its place Lim-komo Yet for this word, some say Li'me-komo

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Rabbi, when I prayer in front of the Shabbos lights on Friday evening, I pray for the welfare of all my children and parents, etc. Do I mention their names using their mother's name or do I mention their father's name? Thank you.
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In a Sabbath service, is one supposed to bow when the word Baruch is recited since Berech means knee?

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As we know, there are two main forms of Hebrew: Ashkenazi and Sefardi. And the most notable difference between them is the pronunciation of the last letter, the ת, as either an S or a T. Though the T-sound is considered Sefardi, I hear plenty of Ashkenazim using it. And I hear people who constantly switch around between the two, using them interchangeably, sometimes even in the same verse! (Example “YiTgadal V’YiSkadash”) How important is it to pronounce this letter according to one’s heritage? If one pronounces it differently from one’s family custom, is the prayer or blessing still valid? If a Torah reader pronounces it unlike his tradition, must he be corrected? How about if one suddenly decides to change because he joins a congregation that does it the other way or simply wants to?