Food Heated Up on Shabbos


Shalom aleichem Rabbi Lauffer. Thank you for answering my last question. A Jew b’shogeg cooked grilled cheese by lighting a burner under a pan on Shabbos. He meant to do it and knew it was Shabbos, but he didn’t know the penalty for it, which is s’kilah God forbid. So it qualifies as shogeg. By lighting this burner, he thereby warmed the pot next to it that contained completely cooled off, fully cooked soup that was fully cooked before Shabbos. Would another Jew be able to eat this soup, even though it may have been warmed by the other Jew’s forbidden act, and it probably was because the soup pot is warm to the touch from being heated by the burner next to it. Or would it possibly be mutar to eat it because the Jew would have eaten it anyway, even without it being warmed up. Thanks a lot.

5 months


  1. I think that there is a combination of two things here that allow for the soup to be eaten. The first is that there seems to be no way that the soup can reach Yad Soledes Bo. That means that even though the Halacha is that there is Bishul Achar Bishul for liquids it is only referring to when the liquid reached the temperature that is Halachically problematic which is 104 degrees Fahrenheit and above. Secondly, even though the person deliberately cooked his own food on Shabbos, nevertheless, he had no intention to heat up the soup. Those two reasons together mean that the soup can be eaten but one should wait the amount of time that it would take to warm it up before eating it.

    Just as an aside. The person who cooked on Shabbos is not a Shogeg he is a Mezid. The fact that he does not know what capital punishment he would have received if there was a Sanhedrin does not detract from the fact that he deliberately transgressed the Laws of Shabbos – and that makes him a deliberate sinner.

    Best wishes from the Team