Dear Rabbi, please explain why it is said that 'an eye for an eye' refers to monetary recompense for an injury. I have heard that it has something to do with the letter ayin - but I do not know the link.
I saw in the news that 100,000 Orthodox Jews got together last week at Metlife Stadium for some special celebration. Would you please tell me more about it? I live in New York and I’m really interested. Thanks.
10 generations from Adam to Noah
Adam, Seth, Enosh, ..., Methuselah, Lamech, Noah
There are 10 generations if Adam and Noah are both included
10 generations from Noah to Abraham
Noah, Shem, Arpachshat, ..., Nahor, Terah, Abraham
If we start with Noah, then there are 11 generations
If we start with Shem, then there are 10 generations.
If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold,
then for Lamech it shall be seventy seven fold.
From Adam to Lamech
Adam, Cain, Enoch, Irad, Mehujael, Methusael, Lamech
Lamech accidently killed Cain
If we start with Adam, then there are 7 generations
If we start with Cain, then there are 6 generations.
How is Lamech considered the avenging of Cain 7-fold,
i.e., 7th generation from Cain? And what does 77 mean for Lamech?
As we all know, the Torah was given at Mt. Sinai, long after the life of Yaakov. But Yaakov is said to have studied Torah at the Yeshiva of Shem and Eber. How is that possible that he could study Torah when the Torah had not been given yet, and when the Torah mostly describes events that took place after his lifetime? How is it possible that the concept of a yeshiva existed then when there were so few monotheists in the world who had Torah values?
It’s becomes clear from Bereshit 18:2 that Avraham is looking around from the entrance of the tent and sees three men appearing, cause it reads: והנה שלשה אנשים נצבים עליו. But what did Avraham sees the second time the word וירא appears? It only says ‘and he saw’, it doesn’t say ‘when he saw them’ (והוא ראה אותם) or ‘as he saw them’ (כפי שהוא ראה אותם). And although it becomes clear he ran to great/call/meet them, it doesn’t seems to be connected to the fact that ‘he saw’, for he already saw them in the first part of the passuk. So what did he saw the second time he looked that made him ran towards them instead of ranning towards them right ahead?
Avraham stands at the entrance of his tent after his Brit - Bereshit 18 - looking around he sees three men at a short distance (even getting closer).
At a certain point they ask Avraham: “Where is your wife Sarah?” Avraham replies: “See (here) in the tent.”
Then one of the men (he) says: “I will return to you and your wife Sarah will have a son.” Sarah was listening behind the entrance of the tent, and he (that men) was on the other side.
Sarah starts to laugh which is heard by the men outside.
Then in verse 13 it says that G-d replies to this by saying: “Why did Sarah laugh?”, “Is anything too difficult for God? At the designated time, I will return, and Sarah will have a son”
So here is my question: is the he really one on the men? Or is it G-d which speaks from the beginning or through his messenger? Because these messengers seems to be close to the tent and hear Sarah laughing. And ‘he’ says: I will return, while later it’s clear G-d says He will return. And again in Genesis 21:1 this seems to be the case. We read nothing of one of those men (which were malachim) returning right? So how could one of them says: I will return?
How do I need to explain these things?
Rashi and the Radhbam seem to explain that one of the angels is speaking in 18:10 while G-d speaks in 18:14, but here’s the thing. Why would G-d speak through one of the messengers/angels in one case, but personally in another, while speaking about the exact same matter? If these angels are speaking and acting through the agency of G-d (like a shaliach), why couldn’t they speak out those words on behalf of G-d the second time as well? I’m not doubting what Rashi and the Rashbam say about these verses, I’m just trying to figure out why this would be the case (why G-d Himself speaks directly the second time around in opposite to the first time this message is delivered).